Kolkata Real Estate Market, remains a seller centric market, even after going through a rough patch for over a year. Makaan.com Property Index (MPI) released in June 2012, signifies a property price increase of 25.1% in the last one year. Though the wait and watch approach adopted by home buyers for a longer duration has reduced the volume of property transactions considerably, there has been not much of an effect on the soaring property prices. The Kolkata property index for June month stood at 1349 compared with 1078 in the month of June 2011. The appreciation in the Kolkata market seemed to be confined till the end of 2011. The Kolkata property index indicated a dip of 5.7% in property prices over the last quarter. The MPI figure was at 1349 in June 2012 compared to 1431 in March this year.
As per the June 2012 MPI, the national index dropped from 1486 in June 2011 to 1446 in June 2012, signifing a softening of 3% in national residential property prices. The reduction is louder, if one looks at the city wise analysis. Cities with maximum price reduction over last 12 months are Hyderabad (-26%), Chandigarh (-20%) and Ahmedabad (-11%). Problems in Hyderabad are political and sentiment driven which creates volatility in the property prices. Chandigarh and Ahmedabad experienced new project launches at a significantly higher value compared to the prevailing market prices (during the June-October 2011 period) last year which took the property prices higher. These new launches caused a temporary mismatch in the demand-supply equation in these two markets. The situation has become better in the more recent past. Other real estate markets are also showing some sign of fatigue. The softening of prices is evident in markets of Chennai (-7%), Mumbai (-7%) and Bangalore (-5%). The coming 4-5 months (in the run up to the festive season) will be extremely crucial for the real estate industry. Giving support to the Makaan index were the property price movements in cities of Kolkata, Pune and Delhi NCR that rose by 25%, 16% and 4% respectively over last one year.
Keeping in mind the extremely buoyant underlining property market Makaan.com Property Index (MPI) has added four more cities to its coverage. These cities are Thane, Navi Mumbai, Gurgaon and Noida. Home buyers will be able to benefit from the unbiased and periodic updates on residential property price movements in these cities effective June 2012. If one analyses the graph (given below) these cities seem to be unaffected by the softening of prices seen else where. In fact Noida exhibited a phenomenal rise of 40% in the MPI figures on a year on year basis. The Index for Noida stood at 833 in June 2011 and has appreciated to 1174 in June 2012. There are two main reasons for this significant rise in Noida real estate prices. Firstly, the city was supply constrained for better part of last year due to ongoing conflict in Noida Extension and Greater Noida area. Secondly, the announcement made by the new government seems to have boosted the sentiments among home buyers in the main Noida area.
The property price appreciation in Gurgaon, another suburb of NCR region, was 9.7% over the past year. The MPI for Gurgaon was 1550 in June 2012 compared with 1413 in same month last year. The appreciation in Gurgaon was slightly muted owing to the recent launches which took place 15-20 kms away from the main city hub and at substantially lower prices. The main Gurgaon area continues to appreciate at a significantly higher rate. The price index for Thane and Navi Mumbai showed an appreciation of 10.3% and 10.9% respectively. The MPI figures for the cities were 1800 and 1438 in June 2012 compared to 1631 and 1297 respectively in June 2011.
If one looks at the short term (quarterly) analysis, the Makaan.com Property Index (MPI) of main cities exhibits a mixed trend. On comparing the property prices of June with March 2012, we observe that the national index has remained stable with a small drop of 1%. Cities that have exhibited a positive trend include Hyderabad (10%), Chandigarh (+9%), Ahmedabad (+9%), Pune (+6%) and Bangalore (+4%). On the other hand, the cities that have indicated decline in property prices are Chennai, Kolkata and Mumbai with a drop of 9%, 6% and 4%. The Delhi market remains stable during the quarter.
Commenting on the findings Aditya Verma, EVP & COO, Makaan.com says, “Indian real estate market is facing multiple head winds that would keep the property prices under check at least in the medium term. A short term correction is actually healthy for the market and would attract fence sitters thereby boosting sentiments. We expect the prices to remain range bound over the medium term (9-12 months).”
Makaan.com Property Index (MPI) is part of the knowledge division of Makaan.com christened MakaanIQ that has been bringing out property research & analysis reports for the benefit of homebuyers and real estate industry. MakaanIQ was the first to predict a shift towards affordable housing in first half of 2008. The Index is another attempt at bringing objective information and analysis for the benefit of the Industry and the country. This index is based on minimum database size of 20,000 data points every month and the analysis has been drawn over a period starting Jan’09. The complex algorithm takes into account the property prices as base and then factors in the demand and supply of residential properties for each of the cities covered by it. Care has been taken to give weight age to cities in line with the size of underlying property market. The prices of properties were obtained across micro-markets through property listings on the website as well as Makaan.com’s nationwide sales force.